Beetroot is a root vegetable with dark purple skin and firm flesh. Other members of the genus include chard, spinach and samphire. When selecting beet, check for firm, clean, smooth bulbs with a rich red color.
Beetroot Nutrition İnformation
Beetroot juice is rich in a number of nutrients that are vital for the full and efficient function of your immune system. Include vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, Vitamin C, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, sulfur, iodine and copper. Red pigment betacyanin is a powerful antioxidant and protects against several types of cancer. Beet do have a very high sugar content, but at the same time they possess a very low glycemic load.
Containing the important antioxidant betacyanin, which gives beetroot its deep red hue, this vegetable purifies the blood and has anticancer effects. Betacyanin, the pigment that gives beetroot its colour, is also an antioxidant. Antioxidants, in protecting artery walls and reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Beetroot juice can have a positive effect on the body during exercise. Research shows that beetroot juice can improve exercise endurance and help to keep blood pressure low. Drinking beetroot juice boosts stamina and could help people exercise for up to 16% longer. A study in 2009 issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology reports that consumption of 500 mL of beet juice for six days significantly improved exercise performance in healthy men. The new research showed beet juice doubled the amount of nitrate in the blood of volunteers, and reduced the rate at which muscles used their main source of energy.
One of the most well known effects of beetroot juice is that it is rich in iron which helps in purifying the blood. Due to iron-rich content favors raising the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Beetroot juice contains high levels of nitrate. This is because the high content of nitrates in beetroot produce a gas called nitric oxide in the blood which widens blood vessels and lowers blood pressure. Nitric Oxide is a gas that is created by the body in the cardiovascular system. Researchers at Barts and The London School of Medicine have discovered that drinking just 500 ml of beet juice a day can significantly reduce blood pressure. The unusually high nitrate level in beetroot helps reduce blood pressure drugs. The study published in the American Heart Association journal, found that blood pressure was lowered within 24 hours in people who took nitrate drugs, and people who drank beet juice. High blood pressure, affects an estimated 25% of the world’s adult population and is a significant factor in coronary heart disease and strokes.
Beetroot would appear to have a blood cleansing effect as well as reducing liver stagnancy. Researchs claims that compounds found in beets detoxify the liver and have the ability to cure diseases of the digestive system. Beetroot helps in keeping the liver healthy due to the action from the bioactive agent betaine. The betalains found in beetroot have been shown to trigger GST activity, and to aid in the elimination of toxins that require glutathione for excretion. A poorly functioning liver can result in fatigue, nausea, illness and overweight.
Beetroot juice has been found to inhibit the mutation of cancer cells. An in vivo anti-tumor promoting activity evaluation against the mice skin and lung bioassays revealed a significant tumor inhibitory effect. In recent studies on human tumor cells, betanin pigments from beets have been shown to lessen tumor cell growth through a number of mechanisms, including inhibition of pro-inflammatory enzymes. researchers from the University of Wisconsin has shown that beet pigments boost levels of proteins, called phase 2 enzymes that helps detoxify cancer-causing substances and purge them from the body. In the 1950`s, Dr. Dr. Alexander Ferenczi of Hungary had his cancer patients drink a quart of beet juice each day, which was effective in breaking down and eliminating tumors. In several cases, according to Dr. Ferenczi, cancerous tumors disappear and the patients fully recovered from their cancers.