Ginseng (the root of Panax ginseng Meyer, Family Araliaceae) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. Panax ginseng contains triterpene glycosides, or saponins, usually referred to as ginsenosides. In animal-based studies, ginsenosides have been shown to relax penile smooth muscle tissue and potentially affect chemical pathways involving cGMP and testosterone. Studies using panax ginseng for erectile function and libido enhancement tend to use 3g of total panax ginseng extract daily, in three doses of 1000mg.
Panax Ginseng and Erectile Dysfunction/Fertility
The vasodilating activities of panax ginseng (Korean Red Ginseng) have been shown to develop sexual function in men with. The use of panax ginseng encourages the flow of blood to the penis and improves the response of the nervous system thereby improving the quality of erections. A study reported in November 2002 in The Journal o f Urology indicates that panax ginseng is an effective therapy for erectile dysfunction. In a study found that 1800 mg per day of panax ginseng extract for 3 months helped improve libido and the ability to maintain an erection in men with erectile dysfunction. In another study of 45 men, those who took 900 mg of Panax ginseng 3 times per day for eight weeks had less trouble getting an erection than those who took placebo.
Sixty men with mild to moderate erectile dysfunction participated in a study that assessed the efficacy of panax ginseng. Subjects were given either placebo or ginseng (1000 mg/3 times daily) for twelve weeks after which erectile function was assessed using the “International Index of Erectile Function and a Global Assessment Questionnaire”. Ginseng appeared to be effective, with 66 % of the participants in the ginseng group reported improved erections while the placebo group was not significantly different from baseline. The effect of panax ginseng on sexual dysfunction and serum lipid profile was examined in a study involving 35 elderly men with psychogenic impotence. Therapy was 2.7 g or 1.8 g of panax ginseng root or placebo for 2 months.The overall remedial effect on erectile function was 67% for panax ginseng versus 28% for placebo.
As published in Jan 2003 edition of The Journal of Family Practice, supplement with panax ginseng offers a safe and effective alternative for achieving and maintaining erection, even in severe cases of erectile dysfunction. A 2009 study demonstrated that 1000 mg of panax ginseng twice daily improved erectile function and overall sexual satisfaction among men with erectile dysfunction. In a study of 90 men with erectile dysfunction, 60% of the subjects reported development in their symptoms compared with 30 % of those using the placebo. The findings was published in the “International Journal of Impotence Research“.
Experiments have shown results, indicating that Korean ginseng promotes the growth of male reproductive organs, increases sperm and testoterone levels, and enhances sexual activity in lab animals. In 1996, the Journal Panminerva Medica reported a study in which infertile men demonstrated improved sperm count and motility after being treated with 4 grams of red ginseng for 3 months. According to a 1999 “World Health Organization” examination, ginseng saponins are thought to reduce serum prolactin, therefore increasing libido in male impotence.